Today in the year of our Lord 1588, the English navy—under the command of Howard & Drake— defeated the mighty Spanish Armada.
The famous portrait of Queen Bess, painted to commemorate her great victory, recently has been bought for Britain after a nationwide fundraising campaign.
Here is Elizabeth’s speech to the troops in Tilbury on the eve of battle:
My loving people
We have been persuaded by some that are careful of our safety, to take heed how we commit our selves to armed multitudes, for fear of treachery; but I assure you I do not desire to live to distrust my faithful and loving people. Let tyrants fear. I have always so behaved myself that, under God, I have placed my chiefest strength and safeguard in the loyal hearts and good-will of my subjects; and therefore I am come amongst you, as you see, at this time, not for my recreation and disport, but being resolved, in the midst and heat of the battle, to live and die amongst you all; to lay down for my God, and for my kingdom, and my people, my honour and my blood, even in the dust.
I know I have the body of a weak, feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realm; to which rather than any dishonour shall grow by me, I myself will take up arms, I myself will be your general, judge, and rewarder of every one of your virtues in the field.
I know already, for your forwardness you have deserved rewards and crowns; and We do assure you on a word of a prince, they shall be duly paid. In the mean time, my lieutenant general shall be in my stead, than whom never prince commanded a more noble or worthy subject; not doubting but by your obedience to my general, by your concord in the camp, and your valour in the field, we shall shortly have a famous victory over these enemies of my God, of my kingdom, and of my people.
Five centuries before Marvel decided to replace Tony Stark with a teenaged girl as Iron Man, here is Lady Elizabeth Tudor swashbuckling with the big boys.
Back in 16th-century England, there existed a martial-arts guild known as the “The Corporation of Masters of the Noble Science of Defence”, or the “Company of Masters”. Who is to say whether they admitted girls into their school?
Huzzah, more sword-fighting—and trash-talking!
Embroidery was a pastime of aristocratic ladies in sixteenth-century England. They weren’t supposed to be sword-fighting, probably.
Hic, haec, hoc: ‘This, this, this’ in Latin; the nominative case; masculine, feminine & neuter. Lady Elizabeth Tudor was a clever language student. She amused herself by translating classical works from Latin to English. Beside Latin, Elizabeth was fluent in six languages, including Greek, French, and Italian.
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